Morane-Saulnier M.S.430

Morane-Saulnier M.S.430

Morane-Saulnier M.S.430

The Morane-Saulnier M.S.430 was a two-seat training aircraft based on the M.S.405 single-seat fighter. The M.S.430 was similar in overall design to the M.S.405, with similar wings, tail and inward retracting main landing gear. The fuselage was extended to make space for a second crewman, with the two crewmen sitting in tandem. The M.S.405 had used an inline engine, but the M.S.430 was given a 390hp Salmson 9Ag radial engine.

The M.S.430 made its maiden flight on 3 March 1937. It then underwent two years of tests. A single-seat version was evaluated as the M.S.408, and a new version powered by the Gnome-Rhône 7Kfs radial engine was ordered as the M.S.433, before work moved onto the M.S.435. This was powered by another Gnome-Rhône engine, the 9Kdrs. This version made its maiden flight in 1939, and an order was placed for sixty aircraft, but none arrived before the Fall of France in June 1940.


1847 - Birth of Alexander Graham Bell, British eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator, credited with inventing the 1st practical telephone, He also made experiments to develop motor-powered heavier-than-air aircrafts.

1857 - Birth of Everard Richard Calthrop, British railway engineer and inventor who patented some early designs for parachutes and ejector seat for aircraft using compressed air.

1887 - Birth of Josef Mai, German WWI fighter ace and WWII instructor.

1887 - Birth of Lincoln J. Beachey, American pioneer aviator and barnstormer. He became famous and wealthy from flying exhibitions, staging aerial stunts, helping invent aerobatics, and setting aviation records.

1890 - Birth of Otto Esswein, German WWI flying ace

1891 - Birth of Fritz Rumey, German WWI fighter ace.

1899 - Birth of Leslie Howard Tandy Capel, British WWI flying ace

1899 - Birth of Ronald Sykes, British WWI flying ace.

1910 - 1st flight of The Hubbard Monoplane (Hubbard II), also nicknamed "Mike", early Canadian aircraft based on the Blériot XI designed and flown by John McCurdy and built by the Canadian Aerodrome Company.

1911 - Capt. Benjamin D. Foulois navigating a course with Phillip Parmelee at the controls of a Wright Type B on loan from Robert F. Collier, made the 1st official military reconnaissance flight, looking for Army troops between Laredo and Eagle Pass, Texas, with a ground exercise in progress.

1911 - Spanish aviator Moruravais crashes in the crowd while trying to fly at Madrid's race course.

1912 - Birth of Johannes "Hannes" Trautloft , German fighter ace of Spanish war and WWII, High ranking officer and deputy postwar.

1912 - 1st flight of the Avro Type E (Avro 500), British Military utility biplane aircraft, firm's 1st truly successful design and forerunner of the Avro 504.

1915 - The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), U.S. federal agency is founded to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.

1915 - Birth of Ugo Drago, Italian WWII Pilot.

1919 - Airplane builder William E. Boeing and Eddie Hubbard of Hubbard Air Service make the 1st international airmail flight from Seattle, Washington to Victoria, British Columbia, Canada in a Boeing C-700 (Model 2) seaplane..

1920 - Francesco Brach Papa sets a world speed record of 276 km/h with 2 passenger with a Fiat B.R.

1925 - Death of Clément Ader, French inventor and engineer, remembered primarily for his pioneering work in aviation.

1926 - Air Service to Red Lake, Ontario began. JV Elliot and AH Farringtron of Elliot Air Service flew two Curtiss JN-4s with a passenger in each from Hudson to Red Lake, Ontario.

1930 - The inaugural flight over the Prairie Air Mail Route was carried out by Western Canada Airways Ltd.

1931 - 1st flight of The Fairey Gordon, British light 2 seat day bomber and utility aircraft.

1937 - 1st flight of the Morane-Saulnier M.S.430, developped form the M.S.406 fighter as an advanced trainer.

1937 - 1st flight of The Luton L.A.3 Minor, British single-seat high-wing ultra-light aircraft, redesigned later as L.A.4

1940 - Death of Lewis Alonzo Yancey, American aviator and air navigator who toured America, Central America, and the Caribbean in a Pitcairn autogyro.

1942 – 10 Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.

1942 - KNILM Douglas DC-3-194 'Pelikaan' flown by russian WWI fighter ace Ivan Vasilyevich Smirnov transporting nine refugees, fleeing the Japanese invasion of Java and carrying a package containing diamonds is shot down by 3 Japanese Misubish A6m2 Zero. 4 over 12 were killed. After a belly landing at Carnot Bay, Smirnov reported that he dropped the package of diamonds in the surf. Diamonds have never been recovered.

1942 - Death of Osamu Kudo, Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War and WWII flying ace, killed in action while participating in an air attack on Broome, Australia.

1942 - Birth of Vladimir Vasiliyevich Kovalyonok, Soviet cosmonaut.

1945 - 1st flight of the Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250 (Mig 13), high-performance Soviet mixed power fighter aircraft prototype to counter German turbojet-powered aircraft.

1945 - Death of Karl Thom, German WWI fighter ace who also served in WWII

1945 - Death of Richard Joseph Audet, Canadian WWII Fighter ace, Shot down by AA fire during a straffing mission.

1946 - Birth of James Craig 'Jim' Adamson, NASA astronaut and test pilot.

1949 - Birth of Bonnie Jeanne Dunbar, NASA astronaut.

1949 - Birth of James Shelton 'Jim' Voss, USAF test pilot and NASA Astronaut.

1953 - Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland DH-106 Comet 1 CF-CUN stalled on takeoff at Karachi, Pakistan.

1953 - 1st flight of The Bell HSL (Model 61), American anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter built by Bell Helicopter company, the only tandem rotor design designed by Bell.

1959 - Launch of Pioneer 4, American spin-stabilized spacecraft for a lunar flyby trajectory and into a heliocentric orbit making it the 1st U.S. probe to escape from the Earth's gravity

1960 - The longest nonstop flight ever made by a Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft is completed when a Vickers Valiant B.Mk.1 (serial no.XD858) piloted by Sqdn. Ldr. J. H. Garstin flies around the British Isles for a total distance of 8,500 miles aided by two inflight refuelings

1964 - 1st flight of the Sud Aviation 'Caravelle 10B3', French short/medium-range jet airliner, lengthened and reengined version of the 'Caravelle' VIR.

1966 - Kosmos 11, soviet spacecraft re-enters earth.

1967 - 1st flight of the Beriev Be-30 (NATO reporting name "Cuff") , Russian regional airliner and utility transport aircraft developed specifically for Aeroflot local service routes using short, grass airstrips.

1969 - NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module. 1st flight of the Command/Service Module (CSM) with the Lunar Module (LM)

1969 - The United States Navy (USN) Fighter Weapons School (more popularly known as TOPGUN) is established at NAS Miramar.

1971 - Launch of ShiJian-1 (SJ-1), chinese satellite, equipped with a magnetometer and cosmic-ray/x-ray detectors.

1972 – Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 Fairchild Hiller FH-227 crashes as a result of a control malfunction and insufficient training in emergency procedures.

1972 - Launch of Pioneer 10, American space probe, 1st spacecraft to achieve escape velocity from the Solar System which also completed the 1st mission to the planet Jupiter

1973 - Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Flight LZ307 Ilyushin Il-18 crashed on its final approach to Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport, killing all 25, probably due to icing conditions.

1973 - Death of Louis Prosper Gros, French WWI flying ace who served also in WWII.

1974 - Death of Mikhail Klavdievich Tikhonravov, Soviet pioneer of spacecraft design and rocketry.

1974 - Turkish Airlines Flight 981, a DC-10, crashes into forest near Ermenonville, France, after the rear cargo hatch blew-off, causing decompression and severing cables that left the pilots with almost no control, killing 346 people.

1978 - Death of Robert William 'Bob' Prescott, American WWII flying ace , founder and president of Flying Tiger Line, pioneer of the air cargo industry.

1981 - Death of Benjamin Scovill "Ben" Kelsey, American aeronautical engineer and test pilot. He co-authored the technical specifications which led to the development of the P-39 Airacobra and the P-38 Lightning, initiated the development of drop tanks, driving force behind a program of advanced airfoil research which resulted in the P-51 and important committee member of the group that approved and funded the X-15.

1985 - 1st flight of the PZL I-22 Iryda, twin-engine, two-seat Polish military jet trainer aircraft.

1986 - 1st flight of the Cessna Model 208B Super Cargomaster, Evolution of the 208 family, American single turboprop engine, fixed-gear short-haul regional cargo aircraft mostkly used fy Fedex.

1991 – United Airlines Flight 585 Boeing 737-291 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25

2002 - Death of Charles Henry "Mac" MacDonald, American WWII fighter ace

2003 - Death of Jerauld Richard "Jerry" Gentry, USAF test pilot and Vietnam War veteran, chief USAF pilot of the Lifting Body Research Program.

2005 – Steve Fossett becomes the 1st person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling with The Scaled Composites Model 311 Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer (registered N277SF) .

2010 - Death of Mariâ Ivanovna Dolina, WWII Soviet bomber pilot, Deputy and acting squadron commander of the 125th “Marina M. Raskova” Borisov Guards dive bomber Regiment.

2012 - Continental Airlines ceased operations and is merged with United Airlines.

2014 - Death of William Reid 'Bill' Pogue, USAF test pilot and NASA Astronaut.

MS.460 Vanneau

El Morane Saulnier M.S.406 había sido el principal caza del Armée de l’Air francés, pero en 1940 estaba anticuado y sufrió graves pérdidas frente a los Bf 109 alemanes. Ni siquiera la versión M.S.410 tenía un rendimiento comparable a los cazas más modernos, y cuando tras el acuerdo Papen-Romier se reconstruyó la fuerza aérea francesa, el M.S.406 no fue incluido en los planes de rearme. Finlandia y España, los otros usuarios del pequeño caza, fueron de la misma opinión, y retiraron el aparato en cuanto dispusieron de otros más modernos.

Con todo, el avión tenía sus puntos fuertes. Era fácil de pilotar, sin vicios, y con agilidad casi comparable a la de los biplanos. Tanto en las fuerzas aéreas francesas como en las españolas, los ejemplares retirados de primera línea fueron usados en las escuelas de caza, con tan buenos resultados que la compañía decidió reiniciar la producción de una versión especializada en el entrenamiento avanzado. Como el suministro de aluminio era limitado, se decidió construirlo con Tegoholz, cuya técnica de construcción estaba cediendo Alemania.

El M.S.460 Vanneau era un avión biplaza que combinaba soluciones del M.S.410 con otras del entrenador M.S.430. Estaba construido casi íntegramente con Tegoholz, salvo el soporte del motor y de los planos de cola. Las alas estaban hechas de dos piezas, que se unían entre sí como las valvas de una almeja, y el fuselaje de tres grandes piezas. En lugar del motor lineal Hispano Suiza, llevaba un radial Gnome-Rhône 14M de 520 kW, que era ligero y de sección frontal reducida. Llevaba dos ametralladoras de 7, 5mm (sustituidas por otras de 7,92 mm en la versión española) y podía llevar bombas o cohetes de prácticas.

El Vanneau entró en servicio en 1945, sustituyendo a los Caudron CR.744 y a los M.S.406 supervivientes. España adquirió la patente, construyendo 170 unidades entre 1946 y 1952. Al estar pintados de amarillo brillante fueron apodados «canarios».

Este avión está inspirado en el MS.760 Vanneau, pero hay importantes diferencias con el real


1934. godine Zrakoplovno-tehnički servis Ratnog zrakoplovstva Francuske izdao je zahtjev za novi i potpuno moderan lovački avion jednosjed, niskokrilac s jednim krilom i uvlačivim podvozjem. Rezultat ovog zahtjeva bio je M.S.405 mješovite konstrukcije, s drvenim repom prekrivenim platnom dok je ostali dio izrađen od slijepljenih metalno-drvenih ploča (tanke ploče duraluminija slijepljene na šperploču) pričvršćenih na cijevi konstrukcije od duraluminija.

Morane-Saulnier imao je dugu povijesti u proizvodnji ratnih aviona, koja seže u doba prije Prvog svjetskog rata, dok se u periodu između dva rata tvrtka bavila više izradom civilnih aviona. U dizajn zrakoplova prvi su uveli niskokrilni jednokrilac, zatvoreni kokpit i uvlačivo podvozje.

Prvi prototip M.S406-1 s novim Hispano-Suiza HS 12Y-grs motorom od 860 KS (641 kW) i s Chauvière propelerom promjenjivog koraka (dva položaja) prvi je let imao 8. kolovoza 1935. godine. Razvoj je tekao vrlo sporo te je drugi prototip MS406-2 s HS-12Y CRS motorom od 900 ks (671 kW) poletio tek 20. siječnja 1937. godine. S novim motorom lovac je mogao razviti brzinu od 443 km/h što je bio dovoljan razlog za narudžbu daljnjih 16 pred-proizvodnih aviona od kojih je svaki sljedeći uključivao poboljšanja svojih prethodnika.

Sve modifikacije dovele su do nove inačice M.S.406. Dvije glavne preinake bile su nova, lakša struktura krila i uvlačivi hladnjak ispod trupa aviona. Na proizvodnu seriju ugrađivani su 12Y HS-31 motori od KS (641 kW) što je uz novi dizajn brzinu povećalo na 489 km/h. Od naoružanja avion je imao 20 mm Hispano-Suiza HS-9 ili Hispano-Suiza HS-404 top smješten u V motoru (pucalo se kroz glavčinu propelera) i dva 7.5 mm MAC 1934 mitraljeza, po jedan s 300 krugova streljiva na svakoj strani krila. Slabost ovih mitrtaljeza je bio njegov rad na velikim visinama jer je iznad 20000 ft oružje imalo tendenciju smrzavanja. Radi toga su kasnije na cijevi dodavani grijači kako bi se omogućilo njihovo korištenje.

Istovremeno s početkom korištenja 406-ice 1939. godine počela je dodatna modifikacija aviona što je rezultiralo novom inačicom, M.S.410, s jačim krilom, jednostavnijim fiksnim hladnjakom ispod trpa zrakoplova, četiri MAC mitraljeza s remenskim punjenjem umjesto municije u bubnju te usmjerivačima ispušnog mlaza za dodatni potisak (što je maksimalnu brzinu moglo uvećati na 509 km/h). Proizvodnja je u trenutku pada Francuske tek započela te su izrađena samo pet primjeraka ove inačice. Proizvodnja, uglavnom preinaka prethodne (406) inačice je kasnije nastavljena pod nadzorom Njemačke i to uglavnom samo promjenom krila.

Izrađen je samo jedan primjerak M.S.411 i to modifikacijom 12. pred-proizvodnog modela na koji su ugrađeni krilo s 406-ice i 12Y HS-45 motor od 1000 KS (746 kW). Kasniji model s 12Y HS-51 motorom od 1050 KS (783 kW) označen je kao M.S.412, ali do završetka rata nije bio završen.

Tijekom 1939. godine tvrtka zrakoplovnih motora Hispano počela je isporučivati prototip svog novog Hispano-Suiza 12Z od 1300 KS (969 kW). Jedan takav motor ugrađen je na izmijenjenu 410-icu a inačica je označena kao M.S.450 koji je sada dobio daleko bolje osobine, osobito u visini leta. Ipak, motor prije pada Francuske nikad nije ušao u serijsku proizvodnju.

Konstrukcija M.S.406 bila je korištena u brojnim drugim projektima. M.S.430 bila je inačica s dva sjedala koja se koristila za obuku pilota a avion je pokretao dosta slabiji radijalni Salmson 9 od 390 KS (291 kW). M.S.435 bila je snažnija inačica s Gnome-Rhône 9K motorom od 550 KS (410 kW).

1938. Švicarska je dobila licencu za proizvodnju M.S.406 kao D-3800. Dva pred-proizvodn M.S.405 kompletirana su kao M.S.406H te poslana krajem 1938. i početkom 1939. godine kao uzorci [1] [2] . Ovi uzorci su imali raniji dizajn krila ali su koristili bolje HS 12Y-31 motore.

Početnu proizvodnju sačinjavala su osam aviona koji su pokretani motorima švicarske tvrtke Adolph Saurer AG. Motor je pokretao potpuno podesivi novi Escher-Wyss EW-V3 propeler. Instrumenti su bili zamijenjeni sa švicarskim a MAC mitraljez s bubnjem zamijenjen je s lokalno izrađenom inačicom s remenskim punjenjem što je eliminiralo krilne izbočine na francuskim avionima. Nakon pred-proizvodnih modela naručeno je daljnjih 74 primjeraka, koji su svi isporučeni do kolovoza 1940. U 1942. godini sastavljeno je još dva aviona od originalnih rezervnih dijelova s proizvodne linije [3] .

Tijekom 1943. preostali avioni modificirani su s novim hidrauličnim sustavom, novim sustavom za hlađenje i usmjerivačima ispušnog mlaza za dodatni potisak. Ove izmjene su avion izjednačile s D-3801 serijom, s jedinom razlikom u motornoj grupi. Na kraju rata preostali zrakoplovi korišteni su za obuku, sve dok posljednji nije oštećen tijekom 1954. godine.

Švicarska je dovršila i dobivenu nedovršenu 412-ticu, modificirajući ju, kao i 3800 s vlastitim instrumentima, propelerom i naoružanjem. Ovako izmijenjen avion u proizvodnju je ušao 1941. godine kao D-3801 inačica a isporuke su trajale sve do 1945. do kada je izrađeno 207 aviona. Dodatnih 17 izrađeni su od preostalih rezervnih dijelova između 1947. i 1948. a korišteni su kao školski i za vuču meta sve do 1959.

Do 1943. Finska je zaprimila 30 originalnih zrakoplova, kao i dodatnih 46 406-ica i 11 410-tica kupljenih od Nijemaca. Svi avioni su u trenutku kupnje bili već zastarjeli ali kako su Fincima lovački avioni bili neophodni odlučili su se za njihovu modifikaciju.

Dizajner zrakoplova Aarne Lakomaa uspio je od zastarjelog "MS" napraviti prvorazredni lovac Mörkö-Morane, (poznat kao i "LaGG-Morane"). Avion je pokretan zarobljenim Klimov M-105P motorom (licencirana inačica HS 12Y) od 1100 KS (820 kW) s potpuno podesivim propelerom. Konstrukcija aviona je dodatno ojačana a motor je dobio novu i aerodinamički oblikovanu oplatu. Uz ove promjene brzina aviona se popela na 525 km/h. Ostale promjene su novi hladnjak ulja iz Me 109, četiri mitraljeza s remenskim punjenjem kao što su oni na 410-ici i odličan 20mm MG 151/20 top učvršćen na motoru. Punjenja za MG 151 bila su ograničena te je na nekoliko aviona umjesto topa ugrađen zarobljeni 12.7 mm Berezin UBS mitraljez.

Prvi primjerak, MS-631, poletio je u veljači 1943. godine. Dovoljno uvjerljivi rezultati zrakoplovu su udahnuli novi život i doveli ga na nivo sovjetskih lovaca. Prvobitno je planirano dovesti sve 406-ice i 410-ice na ovaj standard u najkraćem mogućem roku, ali do kraja Finsko-Sovjetskog rata 1944. godine samo su tri primjeraka bila modificirana (uključujući originalni prototip) [4] .

Modifikacija Mörkö-Moranea završena je u ožujku 1945. Nakon završetka rata, 41 preostalih aviona korišteno je za školovanje. Godine 1952. svi finski Moranesi su prizemljeni [5] .

Modern redesign for a 100 year old Morane-Saulnier aircraft

Thales is partnering with the Réplic’air association who decided three years ago to rebuild the Morane-Saulnier aircraft used by the aviator Roland Garros to cross the Mediterranean Sea in September 1913. The aim of the passionate aviation specialists is to mark the centenary of this extraordinary achievement by flying the same route with the same type of aircraft 100 years later. The D-day will be September 23rd, 2013.

The basis for this project has been to retrieve archive documents and above all redesign the plans of this ancient aircraft. This work has been conducted with state-of-the art aeronautical design tools and avionics experts’ know-how. The numerical modeling enabled the complete creation of the aircraft plans in two dimension ensuring that the data will be preserved for the future and that the manufacturing of wooden and metal parts was optimized.

Modern tools were also used in the manufacturing process. For instance some of the pieces are directly printed in three dimension. This is an innovative process of molten metal balls which can produce parts directly from digital data. Suitable for developing prototypes, it allows the creation of a part without going through the step of creating a mold. It is at the same time a way to optimize the development phase of the project and to respect the tight agenda set for the construction of the Morane-Salunier aircraft. The choice of modernity taken by the Réplic’air team makes possible a real optimization of every phase of the project.

Réplic’Air association honours the history of aviation by constructing or reconstructing ancient aircraft and at the same time it provides a truly a modern way to preserve the aeronautical heritage.

As a partner of Réplic’Air’s adventure, Thales will be covering the project over the coming months on Onboard, the Thales Avionics blog.

Engineering:List of aircraft (Mo)

This is a list of aircraft in numerical order of manufacturer followed by alphabetical order beginning with 'Mo'.


(Mohawk Aero Corp (Pres: Leon A Dahlem), 2639 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN)

  • Mohawk Cabin Ώ]
  • Mohawk M1C-K Pinto Ώ]
  • Mohawk Redskin Ώ]
  • Mohawk M1C-W Spurwing Ώ]
  • Mohawk M-2-C Chieftain Ώ]
  • Mohawk MLV Pinto Ώ]
  • Mohawk PT-7 Ώ]


( (Leo) Mohme Aero Engr Corp, 108 Church St, New Brunswick, NJ)



(Chris Moinicken, Webster and Aberdeen, SD)



Moles & Kerr

(Howard R Moles & Jhn A Kerr, Kenmore, NY)


((Paul) Moller Aircraft Co, Davis, CA)

  • Moller M150 Skycar Ώ]
  • Moller M200 Neuera
  • Moller M200X Skycar
  • Moller M400 Skycar
  • Moller M600 Skycar
  • Moller XM-2 Ώ]
  • Moller XM-3 Ώ]
  • Moller XM-4 Ώ]


  • Möller Stormarn Β]Γ]
  • Möller Stomo 1
  • Möller Stomo 2 (V-3 Temperolus, V-11 Stürmer) Β]
  • Möller Stromer Β]


(Ernest Mollo & Emil Imoden, Napa, CA)


  • Molniya-1
  • Molniya-100
  • Molniya-300
  • Molniya-400
  • Molniya-1000
  • Molniya Heracles



(G. C. Molyneaux, Melbourne, Australia)


(Monarch Aircraft Corp (founders: Frank Stahle & Arthur W Roza), 94 Ogden Ave, Riverside, IL)


(Monarch Aero Products, Cleveland, OH)




((John T) Monnett Experimental Aircraft Inc, Elgin, IL)

(Mono Aircraft Div (Pres: W L Velie), Allied Aviation Industries Inc)

  • Mono Midget ⎖]
  • Mono Monocoach 201 ⎖]
  • Mono Monocoach 225 ⎖]
  • Mono Monocoupe 1
  • Mono Monocoupe 70
  • Mono Monocoupe 90
  • Mono Monocoupe 110
  • Mono Monocoupe 110 Special
  • Mono Monocoupe 113
  • Mono Monocoupe 113 Special
  • Mono Monocoupe 125
  • Mono Monocoupe 501
  • Mono Monoprep 218
  • Mono Monosport 1 ⎖]
  • Mono Monosport 2 ⎖]


(Monocoupe Corp/Lambert Engine & Machine Corp, Lambert Field, St Louis, MO)

  • Monocoupe 70-V
  • Monocoupe 100 Special
  • Monocoupe 110
  • Monocoupe 125
  • Monocoupe D
  • Monocoupe D-125
  • Monocoupe D-145
  • Monocoupe Meteor ⎖]
  • Monocoupe Monosport D ⎖]
  • Monocoupe Monosport G ⎖]
  • Monocoupe Monocoach H a.k.a. Zenith / Zephyr
  • Universal L-7


(Mono-Van Aircraft Inc (Pres: Eber H Van Valkenburg), 1202 Prospect Ave, Toledo and Fremont, OH)


((Robert) Monsted-(H Farley) Vincent, New Orleans, LA)


(William Montagne, San Ramon, CA)


( (M L) Montague Monoplane Company, Kansas City, KS)



(Montana Coyote Inc, Helena, MT)


(Monte-Copter Inc (Fdr: Maurice L Ramme) Seattle, WA)


( Montee Aircraft Co, Santa Monica, CA)

  • Montee 1921 Monoplane Ώ]
  • Montee Dragonfly Ώ]
  • Montee MR-1 Ώ]
  • Montee N-2 Ώ]
  • Montee Special Ώ]

Montgomerie Autogyros


(John J Montgomery, Santa Clara, CA)


(John G Montijo, 2322 Elm St, Long Beach, CA)


  • Mooney A-1 ⎘]
  • Mooney A-2 ⎘]
  • Mooney M-5 ⎘]
  • Mooney M-10
  • Mooney M-16C ⎘]
  • Mooney M-17 (Culver V)
  • Mooney M-19 ⎘]
  • Mooney M-20
  • Mooney MT20 ⎘]
  • Mooney M22 ⎘]
  • Mooney M-30 ⎘]
  • Mooney MU-2
  • Mooney 201
  • Mooney Cadet
  • Mooney TX-1

Mooney Mite Aircraft Corporation



(Léon Morane et Raymond Saulnier / Société Anonyme des Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier / SEEMS - Société d'Exploitation des Etablissements Morane Saulnier / )