|1832||8,386||Andrew Jackson||4,110||49||Henry Clay||4,276||51|
|1836||8,895||Martin Van Buren||4,154||46.7||William Harrison||4,736||53.2|
|1840||10,852||William Harrison||5,967||55||Martin VaN Buren||4,872||44.9|
|1844||12,247||James Polk||5,970||48.7||Henry Clay||6,271||51.2|
|1848||12,432||Zachary Taylor||6,440||51.8||Lewis Cass||5,910||47.5|
|1852||12,673||Frankilin Pierce||6,318||49.9||Winfield Scott||6,293||49.6|
|1856||14,598||James Buchann||8,004||54.8||John Fremont||310||2.1|
|1860||16,115||Abraham Lincoln||3,822||23.7||Stephen Dou||1,066||6.6|
|1864||16,922||Abraham Lincoln||8,155||48.2||George McClelan||8,767||51.8|
|1868||18,571||Ulysses Grant||7,614||41||Horatio Seymour||10,957||59|
|1872||21,822||Ulysses Grant||11,129||51||Horace Greeley||10,205||46.8|
|1876||24,133||Rutherford Hayes||10,752||44.6||Samuel Tilden||13,381||55.4|
|1880||29,458||James Garfield||14,148||48||Winfield Scott||15,181||51.5|
|1884||29,984||Grover Cleveland||16,957||56.6||James Blaine||12,953||43.2|
|1888||29,764||Benjamin Harrison||12,950||43.5||Grover Cleveland||16,414||55.1|
|1892||37,235||Grover Cleveland||18,581||49.9||Benjamin Harrison||18,077||48.5|
|1896||38,456||William McKinley||20,450||53.2||William Bryant||16,574||43.1|
|1900||41,989||William McKinley||22,535||53.7||William Bryant||18,852||44.9|
|1904||43,856||Theo. Roosevelt||23,705||54.1||Alton Parker||19,347||44.1|
|1908||48,007||William Taft||25,014||52.1||William Bryant||22,055||45.9|
|1912||48,690||Woodrow Wilson||22,631||46.5||Theo. Roosevelt||8,886||18.3|
|1916||51,810||Woodrow Wilson||24,753||47.8||Charles Hughes||26,011||50.2|
|1920||94,875||Warren Harding||52,858||55.7||James Cox||39,911||42.1|
|1924||90,885||Calvin Coolidge||52,441||57.7||John Davis||33,445||36.8|
|1928||104,602||Herbert Hoover||68,860||65.8||Alfred Smith||35,354||33.8|
|1932||104,602||Franklin Roosevelt||68,860||65.8||Herbert Hoover||35,354||33.8|
|1936||127,603||Franklin Roosevelt||69,702||54.6||Alfred Landon||57,236||44.9|
|1940||136,374||Franklin Roosevelt||74,599||54.7||Wendell Will||61,440||45.1|
|1944||125,361||Franklin Roosevelt||68,166||54.4||Thomas Dewey||56,747||45.3|
|1948||139,073||Harry Truman||67,813||48.8||Thomas Dewey||69,588||50|
|1952||174,025||Dwight Eisenhower||90,059||51.8||Adlai Stevenson||83,315||47.9|
|1956||177,988||Dwight Eisenhower||98,057||55.1||Adlai Stevenson||79,421||44.6|
|1960||196,683||John F Kennedy||99,590||50.6||Richard Nixon||96,373||49|
|1964||201,320||Lyndon Johnson||122,704||60.9||Barry Goldwater||78,078||38.8|
|1968||214,367||Richard Nixon||96,714||45.1||Hubert Humphrey||89,194||41.6|
|1972||235,516||Richard Nixon||140,357||59.6||George McGovern||92,283||39.2|
|1976||235,834||Jimmy Carter||122,596||52||Gerald Ford||109,831||46.6|
|1980||235,900||Ronald Reagan||111,252||47.2||Jimmy Carter||105,754||44.8|
|1984||254,572||Ronald Reagan||152,190||59.8||Walter Mondale||101,656||39.9|
|1988||249,891||George Bush||139,639||55.9||Michael Dukais||108,647||43.5|
|1992||289,735||Bill Clinton||126,054||43.5||George Bush||102,313||35.3|
|1996||267798||William Clint||140,209||52.3||Bob Dole||98,906||36.93%|
|2000||327,529||George W Bush||137,288||41.9||Al Gore||180,160||55|
|2004||375,190||George W Bush||171,660||45.8||John Kerry||200,152||53.3|
|2008||563,717||Barack Obama||255,459||45.3%||John McCain||152,374||27.0%|
Delaware ends primary voting, setting up historic November
The First State is the last to hold statewide primaries this year.
How to vote safely in person according to CDC guidelines
Delaware, which was crowned the First State in 1787, is the last to hold statewide primaries this year before Election Day in November.
The state closes out a primary season scuttled by the coronavirus pandemic -- which saw messy elections, drastic changes to expand vote-by-mail and intensifying anxiety over the chaos that could potentially come in less than 50 days -- and one that could usher in a series of historic firsts in the fall, beyond the mechanics of how the general election will run.
The curtain closer in Delaware brings some of this cycle’s most prominent themes to the fore -- with another incumbent Democrat being flanked from the left and a pitched battle between two Republicans, one of whom is an apparent QAnon supporter, tangling over who is Trumpier.
After some long-established incumbents lost down-ballot races to younger progressive challengers earlier this year, Sen. Chris Coons -- who was first elected in a 2010 special election to fill the seat once held by his close ally former Vice President Joe Biden -- is hoping to avoid that fate in his primary against Jessica Scarane, 35, and earn a second full term. Scarane is running on a platform rooted in key tenets of the progressive movement, such as the Green New Deal and "Medicare for All."
Biden, who cast his ballot early on the eve of the primaries, confidently praised his friend before reporters Monday.
"I like Coons the best," Biden said. "He’s a great, great senator."
On the other side of the race, two Republicans are jockeying for the Senate nomination in a state that has not sent a member of the GOP to the Senate in 20 years.
Jim DeMartino, a twice unsuccessful establishment conservative who is staunchly behind President Donald Trump, is squaring off against Lauren Witzke, 32, a political newcomer labeling herself as an "America First" Republican. Complicating the choice for GOP voters is Witzke’s previous shows of support for the QAnon conspiracy theory, the fringe movement that casts Trump as a crusader against a web of deep state conspiracies and that the Federal Bureau of Investigation has deemed a potential domestic terror threat.
Delaware may be capping off what has been an unprecedented primary cycle but the turn to November could see more notable firsts.
Two years ago, the midterm elections led to a wave of women landing in the halls of Congress, with the female population comprising nearly a quarter of voting members -- a feat that largely fell on Democrats’ shoulders.
Only 13 women were left in the GOP’s ranks after 2018, a striking disparity that ultimately fueled a surge of Republican women running for the House this year.
Of the 583 women who sparred for a congressional seat in this year’s primaries, a record-setting number driven in part by 227 Republican women, 94 became Republican nominees -- setting a new high-water mark, according to the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP).
This year also saw the most women of color compete in primaries with at least 130 Black women, including 98 Democrats and 32 Republicans, running to serve in both the House and Senate, CAWP reported. Back in early August, the 44 Black women who secured nominations in House races this year eclipsed the previous high of 41 set in 2018.
For the Senate, 60 women filed to run for the upper chamber overall, surpassing 2018’s record of 53, but only 19 went on to win their primaries, which is slightly lower than 2018’s record of 23.
"There's been, in this year, a closing of the party gap among women candidates," Kelly Dittmar, the director of research at CAWP, said in an interview. "But it is still a gap. There are many more Democratic women candidates than there are Republican women candidates."
"There's more potential for gains for Republican women," Dittmar added.
November’s ballot will also feature more contests between two women than ever before, with 51 across House and Senate races.
The all-woman contests make up 11% of all congressional races, according to CAWP, and include matchups in some districts and states that outline both the Senate and House battlefields.
Democrats are putting their weight behind Theresa Greenfield, a businesswoman, to topple Sen. Joni Ernst, R-Iowa, who is considered among the most vulnerable senators up for re-election in a state Trump won by about 10 points in 2016.
In Oklahoma, the 5th Congressional District is a top target for Republicans after freshman Democratic Rep. Kendra Horn delivered an upset victory in 2018, winning the traditionally red seat that covers Oklahoma City by just over 3,300 votes. Stephanie Bice, a state lawmaker, who won the Republican primary in a runoff is challenging the lone Democrat in the state’s delegation.
And it’s not just women setting records.
Back in July, a report from the Victory Institute found that a historic number of LGBTQ candidates were pursuing political bids in 2020, a number that landed at just over 1,000. At the polls in November, 547 LGBTQ candidates are set to be on the ballot, a spokesperson for the group told ABC News, surpassing 2018’s total of 432, the first year the organization was tracking all LGBTQ candidates, not just the ones they endorsed.
Among those candidates is Ritchie Torres, an Afro-Latino who is in line to become one of the first openly gay Black members of Congress along with Mondaire Jones, the Democratic nominee in New York’s 17th Congressional District, which includes part of New York’s Westchester and Rockland Counties in New York City’s northern suburbs.
Torres captured the Democratic nomination in New York’s 15th Congressional District, which covers portions of the Bronx, to succeed retiring Reps. Jose Serrano. Jones, an attorney who worked in the Justice Department under President Barack Obama, is expected to replace Rep. Nita Lowey, who is also not seeking re-election.
"With these two candidates, we are on the cusp of achieving history," Alphonso David, the president of the Human Rights Campaign, told ABC News in June after the primary.
The new Congress in 2021 is also expected to inaugurate its youngest member: Madison Cawthorn, who turned 25 in August after he emerged as the surprise winner in North Carolina's 11th Congressional District runoff.
The primary season also brought the fall of some incumbent members of Congress to challengers occupying the ideological wings of either party.
In Virginia’s 5th Congressional District, libertarian-leaning Republican Rep. Denver Riggleman lost his nomination convention to social-conservative Bob Good.
Good, a staunch evangelical who campaigned with a focus on social issues, has a good chance at taking a seat in Congress after ousting Riggleman from the primary. Riggleman was censured by the Virginia GOP for officiating a same-sex marriage between two campaign volunteers.
In Colorado’s 3rd Congressional District, longtime Rep. Scott Tipton lost his primary to ultra-conservative restaurant owner Lauren Boebert, who has also expressed support for the QAnon conspiracy theory.
Progressives across the country have reason to celebrate going into November after successfully ousting a number of long-standing moderate Democrats. In Missouri’s St. Louis-area, Cori Bush, a Black Lives Matter activist who entered into politics after the racial unrest in Ferguson, defeated incumbent Rep. Lacy Clay, who along with his father, former Rep. Bill Clay, held the seat in the family for five decades.
Bush’s win was part of a string of progressive victories this year. Marie Newman, a progressive Democrat who was endorsed by some of the movement’s leaders including Sen. Bernie Sanders, prevailed in her second bid against eight-term Democratic Rep. Dan Lipinski, D-Ill., and progressive challenger Jamaal Bowman, who was backed by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, beat Democratic Rep. Eliot Engel, a 16-term incumbent in New York.
Regardless of November’s outcomes, the primaries brought forward a more diverse and fresher crop of candidates, pushing forward on 2018’s gains into historic territory.
Between 1900 and 2020, Delaware participated in 31 presidential elections.
- voted for Joe Biden (D) in the 2020 presidential election.
- Between 1900 and 2020, Delaware voted for the winning presidential candidate 80.6% of the time.
- Between 2000 and 2020, Delaware voted for the winning presidential candidate 50% of the time.
- Since 1900, Delaware has voted Democratic 48.4% of the time and Republican 51.6% of the time.
- Since 2000, Delaware has voted Democratic 100% of the time and Republican 0% of the time.
Presidential voting history
Delaware presidential election results (1900-2020)
Deleware Vote - History
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Delaware rejects secession
On January 3, 1861, just two weeks after South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union, the state of Delaware rejects a similar proposal.
There had been little doubt that Delaware would remain with the North. Delaware was technically a state where slavery was legal, but the institution was not widespread. In 1861, there were some 20,000 Black people living in the state. About 1,800 of them were enslaved. Most of the enslaved people were concentrated in Sussex, the southernmost of the state’s three counties.
After South Carolina ratified the ordinance of secession on December 20, 1860, other states considered similar proposals. Although there were some Southern sympathizers, Delaware had a Unionist governor and the legislature was dominated by Unionists. On January 3, the legislature voted overwhelmingly to remain with the United States. For the Union, Delaware’s decision was only a temporary respite from the parade of seceding states. Over the next several weeks, six states joined South Carolina in seceding four more left after the South captured South Carolina’s Fort Sumter in April 1861.
|Whig||Peter F. Causey||6,012||49.44%||-0.74%|
|Democratic gain from Whig|
- ^ Conrad, Henry C. (1908). History of the State of Delaware: From the Earliest Settlements to the Year 1907. 1. Lancaster, Pa.: Wickersham Company, Printers and Binders. p. 186.
- ^Dubin 2003, p. 28.
- Gubernatorial Elections, 1787-1997. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Inc. 1998. ISBN1-56802-396-0 .
- Glashan, Roy R. (1979). American Governors and Gubernatorial Elections, 1775-1978. Meckler Books. ISBN0-930466-17-9 . CS1 maint: ref duplicates default (link)
- Dubin, Michael J. (2003). United States Gubernatorial Elections, 1776-1860: The Official Results by State and County. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN978-0-7864-1439-0 . CS1 maint: ref duplicates default (link)
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Delaware and the 19th Amendment
Delaware depicted in gray – indicating that it was not one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. CC0
Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment was sometimes known as the Susan B. Anthony amendment and became the 19th Amendment.
"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex."
Suffragists picketing the White House in 1917. Multiple women were arrested for obstructing the sidewalk and sent to jail, including women from Delaware.
Library of Congress, Harris & Ewing Collection. https://www.loc.gov/resource/hec.08255/
Delaware played an important role in the struggle for suffrage. Notable suffragists from the state include Mabel Vernon and Florence Bayard Hilles. Vernon met suffragist Alice Paul while attending college. Together, the two helped found the National Woman’s Party and organized national protests for women’s suffrage. Vernon also traveled around delivering speeches about the importance of women’ suffrage. Florence Bayard Hilles attended one of these meetings and was inspired by Vernon’s words. The two became friends and worked with the National Woman’s Party to advocate for women’s rights. Hilles led groups of Delaware women to the US Capitol in Washington, DC to protest. During one protest in 1917, Hilles and seven other Delaware women were arrested and imprisoned in the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia. President Woodrow Wilson pardoned Hilles after 3 days.
Newspaper photo of the 1914 Wilmington Suffrage Procession
The Morning News, Wilmington, Delaware, 04 May 1914. Newspapers.com
The Wilmington Equal Suffrage Study Club
Although many Delaware women joined national suffrage demonstrations, there were also events in the First State to campaign for Votes for Women. At 3:00pm on May 2, 1914, a parade of 400 suffragists marched northeast along Market Street in downtown Wilmington, Delaware to Rodney Square. With the suffrage colors of “purple, yellow, and white… displayed in some store windows. “According to a local newspaper, “The culminating event was most gratifying to the local leaders who have worked untiringly for the success of this” parade. It was the first major public suffrage demonstration in the state of Delaware. The parade also happened to be the first major public demonstration of the Wilmington Equal Suffrage Study Club (WESSC), a suffrage organization composed of black women. The WESSC marched at the rear of the parade, in a segregated unit.
The significance of the WESSC’s place in history is just as telling as their place in the march. Formed just over a month before the May 2nd parade, the WESSC’s involvement in the parade was literally wiped from the historical record and public memory. Articles published by major white newspapers refused to note black women’s participation in the suffrage parade. A report of the parade drafted the following day—likely written by Mary DeVou, the informal historian of the Delaware Equal Suffrage Association—listed all of the parade’s various participants, including the “Equal Suffrage Study Club, composed of colored women,” before going back and crossing out “composed of colored women” in a bold, black line of ink.
Despite efforts to erase black women’s contributions to the suffrage struggle in Delaware, the work of the WESSC was essential in their attempt to see the “First State” to be one of the first states to ratify the 19th Amendment. Women like Fannie Hopkins Hamilton, Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar, and Blance Williams Stubbs continued to fight for suffrage public speaking, lobbying, and organizing.
Anti-Suffragists in Delaware
Not all women and men in Delaware supported a woman’s right to vote. Members of the Women’s Committee of Delaware Opposed to Women’s Suffrage believed women should not be involved in politics. They argued that women had more important responsibilities such as raising children and taking care of the home. Like many states, Delaware was divided on the issue of women’s suffrage.
After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in June 1919. After Congress passed the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law. This process is called ratification. In August of 1920, 36 states ratified the 19th Amendment, recognizing women’s right to vote.
On June 2, 1920, Delaware voted to reject the amendment. But on August 18, 1920, Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment, ensuring that all across the country, the right to vote could not be denied based on sex.
Once women won the vote, the activist networks cultivated by the WESSC were reorganized as the League of Republican Women to educate and promote black women in their new role as voters. These established activist networks would only become more valuable to black women in Delaware in the face of voter disenfranchisement, racial violence, and efforts to achieve social and racial justice throughout the twentieth century.
On March 6, 1923, Delaware showed its support for women’s suffrage by belatedly ratifying the 19th Amendment.
State flag of Delaware, CC0
Delaware Places of Women’s Suffrage: Old State House
In 1915, a bill in support of women’s suffrage was presented to the Delaware state legislature. Before state Congressmen voted on the bill, suffragists held a parade and gave speeches outside of the Old State House. Despite the efforts of local suffragists, Delaware politicians rejected the bill. As a result, Delaware women were left without voting rights. They had to wait another five years before the ratification of the 19th Amendment. The Old State House is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is open to the public as a museum.
Discover More Places of Ratification
The Old State House is an important place in the story of ratification. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Presidential Voting History of Delaware (Since 1960)
1960 Electoral Coverage
1964 Electoral Coverage
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1972 Electoral Coverage
1976 Electoral Coverage
1980 Electoral Coverage
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2016 Electoral Coverage
2020 Electoral Coverage
Themal: Delaware's history of women and voting
Harry Themal (Photo: SUCHAT PEDERSON/THE NEWS JOURNAL,) Buy Photo
If Hillary Clinton is elected president, a woman would preside over the 2020 centennial celebration of American women finally gaining the vote. What an occasion.
Delaware, which boasts of being the First State, blew its chance to boast that it was the state that made the 19th Amendment possible.
Delaware had some of the country’s leading suffragists in Mabel Vernon and Florence Bayard Hilles, but the female vote also encountered stiff opposition from such other prominent women as Mary Wilson Thompson and Emily P. Bissell.
Delaware’s impetus toward woman suffrage was led by one of Delaware’s most progressive governors, John G. Townsend Jr., whose 1917 inaugural address emphasized the need for women to get the vote.
Twenty years earlier, the male delegates to the state’s Constitutional Convention voted 17-7 against giving Delaware women the right to vote, with the only positive votes coming from Kent and Sussex counties. That geographic alignment would be largely reversed when it came time to approve the 19th Amendment.
In the 1920 Congress, Democratic Sen. Josiah O. Wolcott opposed the amendment while Republicans Sen. L. Heisler Ball and Rep. Caleb R. Layton voted for it.
A special session of the Delaware General Assembly called in March 1920 to ratify the amendment. As the session started word came that Washington State had become the 35th to ratify it, giving Delaware the chance to be the clinching 36th vote in the constitutional requirement of approval by three-fourths of the 48.
Thousands of pro- and anti-suffrage lobbyists came to Delaware, with legislators in the “War of the Roses” getting yellow jonquils from the suffragists and red roses (symbols of chivalry) from the opponents. Among those in Dover urging approval was leading suffragist Carrie Chapman Catt and president Eamon de Valera of the Irish Free State, and among the opposition were lobbyists for the Pennsylvania Railroad.
As Dick Carter wrote in his biography of Townsend, “Clearing New Ground,” a new state school code, with the certainty of new taxes, became a key issue in that special session, along with disputes over prohibition, intra-party rivalries and racist fears. As Carter wrote, some Democrats were against woman suffrage fearing it “would make life-long straight-line Republicans of all the newly enfranchised Negro women voters.”
Thompson in a memoir gave another principal reason for the opposition. Giving women the vote “weakened materially our power with the legislatures and forfeited their independence to plead civic causes,” she wrote.
“I say to the women in this country that their first duty is to keep up their manpower. If woman constantly jeers and openly refuses to consider her husband’s opinions, what is to become of the family?”
What would today’s women say about that sentiment?
Despite the renewed pleadings of Gov. Townsend and many members of the du Pont family, the state House voted on April 1, 1920, against approval 23-9. Every Sussex County representative voted against it. On June 2, the House voted 24-10 not to take it up again and that ended the special session. The state Senate had approved in 11-6 on May 5. Delaware historian Carol Hoffecker attributes the defeat to the “old, conservative rural element” in Delaware politics.
Two months later Tennessee became the clinching state and American women finally had the right to vote after a decades-long battle. Delaware would finally approve the 19th Amendment in March 1923.
The old Every Evening editorialized that if a woman “should be elected as head of the State, she would be a governor not a governess, nor would she be a sherifess, nor judgess…?” How far Delaware has come is seen in the 45 judicial appointments by Delaware’s present governor, Jack Markell, 24 of whom were women. What would the Every Evening editorialize over the possibility that a woman could be president?
Find Delaware County Voter Records
Delaware County Voter Records are documents that list information about a registered voters in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania requires citizens to register with the Secretary of State in order to vote in local, Pennsylvania, and federal elections. Voter databases in Delaware County include the application to register, the voter's precinct and party affiliation, and whether the voter has participated in any previous local, state, and federal elections.