Crusader States Timeline

Crusader States Timeline

  • c. 1090 - c. 1256

    The Assassins (aka Nizari Ismailis) occupy mountain castles in Syria, Iran and elsewhere.

  • 1095 - 1102

    The First Crusade is formed to recapture Jerusalem for Christendom. It is successful in its primary aim.

  • Mar 1098

    Baldwin of Boulogne takes control of Edessa and the County of Edessa is formed, one of four Crusader-created states in the Levant.

  • 3 Jun 1098

    The First Crusaders capture Antioch after an 8-month siege.

  • 15 Jul 1099

    Jerusalem is captured during the First Crusade.

  • Sep 1099

    The Crusader state, the Kingdom of Jerusalem is created.

  • 17 May 1101

    Caesarea is captured by the Crusaders.

  • 26 May 1101

    Acre is captured by the Crusaders.

  • c. 1119

    Foundation of the military order the Knights Templar.

  • 1144

  • 24 Dec 1144

    The Muslim Seljuk Turks, led by Imad ad-Din Zangi, capture Edessa.

  • Sep 1146

    Joscelin II's attempt to retake Edessa fails and the city is sacked by Nur ad-Din.

  • 1147 - 1149

    The Second Crusade is launched to recapture Edessa for Christendom. It is not successful.

  • 25 Oct 1147

    At Dorylaion a force of Muslim Seljuk Turks attacks an army led by Conrad III during the Second Crusade.

  • 29 Jun 1149

    The Muslim Seljuk leader Nur al-Din captures Crusader-held Antioch.

  • Jul 1149

    A new Church of the Holy Sepulchre is completed in Jerusalem.

  • 1150

    End of the County of Edessa.

  • 1152

    Raymond II, the Count of Tripoli, is murdered by the Assassins.

  • 1186 - 1192

    Guy of Lusignan reigns as king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

  • 3 Jul 1187 - 4 Jul 1187

    Saladin defeats the Franks army at the Battle of Hattin.

  • 1189 - 1192

    The Third Crusade is formed with the aim of recapturing Jerusalem for Christendom. Although some cities were recaptured, Jerusalem was not one of them.

  • Aug 1189 - Jul 1191

    The siege of Acre during the Third Crusade.

  • 12 Jul 1191

    Richard I of England captures Acre during the Third Crusade.

  • 28 Apr 1192

    Conrad of Montferrat, king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, is murdered by the Assassins.

  • 1202 - 1204

    The Fourth Crusade is formed to recapture Jerusalem for Christendom. Instead, the Crusaders attack Constantinople.

  • May 1203

    A small force of Crusader knights arrives in the Middle East during the Fourth Crusade.

  • 17 Oct 1244

    An army of the Ayyubid dynasty defeats a large Latin army at the battle of La Forbie (Harbiya) in Gaza.

  • 1247

    Al-Salih, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, captures Ascalon from the Franks.

  • 8 Apr 1271

    Al-Zahir Baibars, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, captures the Knights Hospitaller castle of Krak des Chevaliers.

  • 1291

    With the fall of Acre, the Crusader States, including the Kingdom of Jerusalem, are absorbed into the Mamluk Sultanate.

  • 18 May 1291

    Acre, the last Christian stronghold in the Middle East, falls to the Mamluks.