(DD-316: dp. 1,215; 1. 314'41/2''; b. 30'111/z''; dr. 9'4''; s. 32.7 k.; cpl. 122; a. 4 4'', 1 3", 12 21" tt.; cl.Clemson)
The first Sloat (DD-316) was laid down on 18 January 1919 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., San Francisco, Calif.; launched on 14 May 1919; sponsored by Mrs. Edwin A. Sherman; and commissioned on 30 December 1920, Lt. Comdr. J. R. Palmer in command.
Sloat arrived at San Diego for shakedown on 24 January 1921 and then was placed in reserve until October. She conducted gunnery exercises during the winter and carried out torpedo trials in April and May 1922. On 27 June, she sailed with the fleet for Puget Sound and operated in that area until returning to San Diego on 19 September. On 6 February 1923, she departed San Diego with the fleet, and conducted exercises off Panama until returning on 11 April. She spent most of the remainder of the year, and much of the next, undergoing repairs at Mare Island before returning to San Diego on 22 December 1924.
On 3 April 1925, Sloat sailed from San Diego with the fleet for exercises off Hawaii. On 1 July, the Battle Fleet sailed from Hawaii for a goodwill cruise to the Southwest Pacific, and Sloat called at Melbourne, Australia; Lyttleton and Wellington, New Zealand, and American Samoa before returning to San Diego on 19 September.
The destroyer departed San Diego on 1 February 1926 and participated in fleet exercises off Panama from 16 February to 8 March, and then underwent overhaul at Mare Island from 22 March to 4 May. After a summer of reserve training cruises, she again underwent repairs at Mare Island from 30 December 1926 to 3 February 1927.
Sloat sailed with the Battle Fleet for fleet exercises on 17 February 1927 and transcribed the Panama Canal on 6 March. The exercises in the Caribbean lasted until 22 April, and the fleet then visited New York and carried out a joint Army and Navy exercise in Narragansett Bay before arriving in Hampton Roads on 29 May for a Presidential review. After getting underway for Panama on 4 June, Sloat received rep,airs from a tender in Gatun Lake, Canal Zone, and then was ordered to relieve Mervine (DD-322) on patrol off the Nicaraguan coast.
Her mission was to protect lives and property of United States citizens and of other foreign nationals in Nicaragua and to help preserve order as the country was being Pacified. She served two tours off Nicaragua under the Special Service Squadron: from 25 June to 6 July and from 22 July to 8 August 1927. Transiting the canal on 10 August, she returned to San Diego on 23 August and underwent overhaul at Mare Island from 19 February to 31 March 1928.
Sloat departed San Diego on 9 April 1928 and arrived at Pearl Harbor with the fleet on the 28th, having participated in Fleet Problem VIII en route. She returned to San Diego on 23 June and reached Puget Sound on 9 July for summer exercises. Returning to San Diego on 1 September, she took part in exercises off the Canal Zone from 27 January to 6 February 1929 and then underwent overhaul at Mare Island from 3 March to 13 April. She conducted training off San Diego during the summer, and, after a one-week trip to San Francisco, returned to San Diego on 28 August 1929. Sloat was replaced by Upshur (DD-144) and decommissioned on 2 June 1930, struck from the Navy list on 28 January 1935, and sunk at sea as a target off San Diego on 26 June 1935.
DDS Vs DMD: What Is The Difference?
DDS and DMD are the acronyms of the degrees dentists earn after finishing dental school. DDS means Doctor of Dental Surgery, and DMD can mean either Doctor of Medicine in Dentistry or Doctor of Dental Medicine. While the names are different, the American Dental Association (ADA) explains that they represent the same education. Some universities may grant dental graduates with a DDS, and others grant a DMD, but both degrees have the same requirements.
According to the ADA, the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery established the first Doctor of Dental Surgery degrees in 1840. When Harvard University started its dental school in 1867, their degrees were called Dentariae Medicinae Doctorate (Doctor of Medicine in Dentistry) because Harvard uses Latin names for their degrees. Even though these degrees are based on the same educational requirements, they still have different names.
Deacon Melmoth Speaks – the Doggie Diner Blog
Words from the curator of the Doggie Heads – John W. Law This is the latest : Kickstarter Campaign launches on January 7th, 2013
Contact: John Law Cell Phone: 510-543-5054
Doggie Diner Heads in Jeopardy
Some of the last few of the Doggie Diner heads, the mascots of the beloved former fast-food chain, are in desperate need of restoration.
This Project will only be funded if we raise all of the $48k by Sat, Feb 8th, 3:00pm EST. Find Us by going to the Kickstarter website and typing “doggie diner” into the search box, or visit us directly by typing this link into your browser:bit.ly/DDmakeover Consider donating as little as $1 to help us keep this vestige of the city’s past from fading away like old photographs. If you’d like more information about the Doggie Diner Restoration Project, or to schedule an interview with John Law please email [email protected] or send him a tweet @johnwlaw. Kickstarter campaign page: http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/2118888480/doggie-diner-makeover?ref=search A collection of high resolution photos can be downloaded by clicking here. Unless otherwise noted, all photo attribution should go to: Scott Beale/Laughing Squid.
As summer winds down, these parks are the perfect escape
It’s not that we don’t love long, steamy days. In any other year, we’d grin and bear the jokes about D.C.’s swamp-like weather. But when you can’t find relief from the heat at the pool or movie theater or your usual beach getaway, it’s easier to stay home in the air conditioning — you know, the same place where you’ve been sitting around for months.
As the all-enveloping humidity eases, however, we’ve been venturing out to different parks for socially distanced fun. Some of these are longtime favorites, while others are places we’ve only begun to take advantage more recently. Whether you’re looking to explore a waterfall, spot rare plants and birds, or go wading with the kids at a beach, one of these nearby destinations will provide some relief.
Fort Smallwood Park
The northern tip of Anne Arundel County, overlooking the confluence of the Patapsco River and the Chesapeake Bay, and within sight of Baltimore’s harbor, was once the perfect place to build a fort protecting Maryland’s largest city. A century later, those same attributes make Fort Smallwood Park a wonderful place to spend a day with the family, splashing in the water with a pup, or just sitting alone with a fishing pole.
Stretching for 90 acres, the main attraction for most visitors are the beaches facing the Bay, separated by narrow jetties. The water is calm, warm and shallow — perfect for wading and floats. (Pro tip: The beach right next to the parking lot fills quickly if you can’t safely distance from other groups, keep walking down to another beach to find room to lay your towels.) Dogs are allowed to join their owners in the water at the beach furthest from the parking lot.
On the other side of the peninsula, the Bill Burton Fishing Pier extends 380 feet into the Patapsco River, providing plenty of space for anglers, though many seem content to try their luck at the edge of the water, casting their lines and settling into a camp chair. Nearby are picnic groves, a playground and benches offering fantastic views of the water, the Key Bridge and Baltimore beyond.
While enjoying a day out, it’s worth knowing about the site’s history, too. Built to defend Baltimore in the 1880s — the boxy concrete Battery Hartshorne, long stripped of guns or interesting features, is all that remains of the fortifications — Fort Smallwood was sold to Baltimore City in 1929. Its beaches and recreation grounds became a popular day-trip destination for White Baltimore families, many of whom came by ferry. After a lawsuit, the city opened a separate, segregated area for Black families in 1951, which was used until Maryland parks were desegregated in 1954.
9500 Fort Smallwood Rd., Pasadena. aacounty.org. $6 per vehicle (cash only). — FH
Huntley Meadows Park
On the winding boardwalk at Huntley Meadows Park, you’ll see splendid birds — Great Blue Herons, red-winged blackbirds — and various species of turtles, frogs, toads and snakes. You can spot a beaver lodge, which may or may not be occupied. Maybe you’ll spy a muskrat if you’re lucky, or even an otter.
The Alexandria park, home to vast, lively wetlands, is one of the best wildlife-watching spots in the region. It’s a photographer’s dream. The half-mile boardwalk over the wetlands is the highlight of any visit, says park manager Karen Sheffield. But be aware that there are strict rules to preserve the habitat: no pets, even if you’re carrying your pooch. No yelling, which could disturb the residents. And no bikes, scooters or skateboards, though strollers are permitted.
Outside the wetlands, walk a two-mile trail system that curves through lush forest. There’s a mile-long portion that’s paved, and bikes and pets are permitted there. It ends at a viewing platform with a 360-degree perspective of the wetlands.
Historic Huntley, an 1825 mansion a half-mile up the road, is also managed by the park. It was built for Thomson Francis Mason, the mayor of Alexandria from 1827 to 1830 who was also George Mason’s grandson. Reserve a private family tour of the interior of the house — an opportunity to admire 19th-century architecture and design. Before departing, Sheffield recommends walking to the top of the hill that rolls around the home you’ll be rewarded with dramatic views of Huntley Meadows.
In addition to the mansion tours, the park is continuing to offer varied programming during the pandemic. In-person programs are either open to the public with capped attendance, or reserved for families and small groups by request.
Lady Bird Johnson Park
Seemingly located on Virginia’s side of the Potomac but altogether an asset of the District, Lady Bird Johnson Park is a tranquil spot with remarkable views — which are largely underappreciated 364 days a year. In 1968, Columbia Island was renamed as the park to honor the former first lady’s contributions toward the beautification of Washington and other American cities. (It’s still, however, commonly known as Columbia Island Columbia Island Marina is a popular spot for boaters and paddlers.)
Among the park’s highlights is the Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac, built in the mid-1970s as a living memorial to the late president. It features a compact white pine forest and pleasing pine needle floor — as enchanted as it gets for a park wedged between the George Washington Memorial Parkway and the Pentagon. With picnic tables and benches, a flagstone pathway to a granite monolith, and a view across the Potomac to the Washington Monument, and Lincoln and Jefferson memorials, it’s a fitting celebration of the Johnsons, who used to stop here and enjoy the same view when they drove into Washington. Decades later, it’s worth stopping for nature and solitude, save on the Fourth of July, when it’s overrun with merrymakers.
The 17-acre park also includes the stunning Navy and Marine Memorial, nicknamed “Waves and Gulls,” an aluminum sculpture that’s surrounded by an explosion of tulips in the spring. The marina, open daily, offers prepared sandwiches, salads and snacks their kayak rentals are on hold at least through this year.
Accessed via the Mount Vernon Trail (on foot or bicycle) and the southbound lanes of the George Washington Memorial Parkway (by car). nps.gov. Free. — MDGK
Prince William Forest Park
The air smells different at Prince William Forest Park: fresh, floral, musky. Credit the 15,000 acres of trees and abundant vegetation for that.
The park in Triangle, adjacent to Quantico Marine Corps Base, is one of the largest green spaces in the Washington region, which makes it particularly appealing as the pandemic lingers — there’s no need to worry about bumping up against your fellow outdoorsmen.
Come prepared for activity: There are 37 miles of hiking trails and 21 for biking. Chris Alford, the park’s chief of interpretation and visitor services, recommends starting with the South Valley Trail. It’s 9.7 miles long and runs parallel to Quantico Creek, offering a full sense of the park’s natural beauty. Pets are welcome.
The park is a terrific spot for birdwatchers: songbirds, Barred owls, wood ducks and belted kingfishers are all regulars. More than 900 species of plants live in the forest — such as rare mosses and striking wildflowers — and freshwater sponges grow in the creek.
Come for a day, or for an isolated vacation. Choose from an assortment of camping options, including traditional tent camping in Oak Ridge Campground and remote backcountry camping in Chopawamsic Backcountry Area. Groups can rent rustic cabins that were built in the 1930s four of the five have a spot on the National Register of Historic Places. They were initially used as summer camps for underprivileged kids from the District, and repurposed during World War II into a spy training area.
18170 Park Entrance Rd., Triangle. nps.gov/prwi. $10-$20 (valid for seven consecutive days). Sept. 26 is a fee-free day. — AH
Scott's Run Nature Preserve
If every hike ended at a gorgeous waterfall, I’d go on a lot more hikes. At least that’s what I tell myself at Scott’s Run Nature Preserve.
Scott’s Run, one of two designated nature preserves in Fairfax County, is only a mile north of the Beltway and a few miles downstream from the better-known Great Falls. Hiking trails crisscross more than 300 acres, climbing through hardwood forest and meandering next to the rocky stream that gives the park its name.
Most visitors take the easier route, following the half-mile trail that begins in the western parking lot and leads to the Potomac River. It’s a relatively gentle gravel path, with one moderately steep hill, and two stream crossings that involve hopping between wide concrete steppingstones. The banks of Scott’s Run offer spots for picnics, or just sitting and enjoying nature.
The real reward, however, is when the trail dead-ends at the Potomac River. Ahead are rocky shores with an unobstructed view of the river, with boulders jutting from the water and trees lining the banks, looking far more majestic than it does flowing through the city. To the left, up a trail that involves scrambling across large rocks, is the waterfall, which pours into a clear pool.
There are almost always people in the water, wearing swimsuits and posing for selfies. That said, it should be noted that the Fairfax County Park Authority does not want you wading in the creek or splashing underneath the waterfall. Beyond signs warning of $250 fines for entering the water, the park’s website includes images of water rescues, warns of strong undertows, and links to an article titled “Scott’s Run: Terrific, Torrential, Treasured and Terrifying.”
Spirit of Justice Park
Perched just a block south of the U.S. Capitol may be the one of the most delightful — and best disguised — green roofs in the city. Spirit of Justice Park, built in 1969 atop parking garages for Cannon and Longworth House office buildings, is a serene public spot for lunching at tables, relaxing on benches or lazing on the lawn. The two-block park, part of the Capitol grounds, is bisected by South Capitol Street and has wide pathways lined with deep pink crepe myrtle blossoms and several varieties of hollies. Each of the twin sections has a large fountain (turned off this year) surrounded by butterfly gardens with roses, echinacea and dogwood.
Critics of the park maintain that because it’s a roof, the space can’t support trees large enough for ample shade, but recent visits verify lovely shade spots just pleading for picnickers. In the mornings, some neighbors walk their dogs here, and the occasional pedestrian strolls through, but during this time — without House staffers frequenting the park during the workday — it’s often vacant. Both sections of the park have somewhat hidden entrances, which is why some locals don’t even know it exists accessible entryways are located on C Street between South Capitol Street and New Jersey Avenue for the upper park and South Capitol between C and D streets for the lower park. Parking is restricted around much of the park if you’re driving, park south of D Street on New Jersey Avenue or 1st Street, SE.
On the U.S. Capitol grounds, bordered by C Street SE to the north, New Jersey Avenue SE to the East, D Street SE/SW to the South and Delaware Avenue SW to the west. Free. — MDGK
“Bog,” like “swamp,” isn’t a romantic word, and doesn’t sound like a place you’d want to visit. But the Suitland Bog is neither gloomy or desolate. It’s a rare example of a type of wetlands that once covered a wide swath of Maryland — the last surviving example of its kind in Prince George’s County, saved from development in the 1970s, and home to a number of plants that appear on Maryland’s “Rare, Threatened or Endangered” list.
A circular wooden boardwalk winds around the Bog, occasionally blocked by ferns and flowering plants, and over pools of water. The area is shaded by tall magnolia trees, and the air is filled by the songs of frogs and birds. You might catch the rancid odor of wild raisin, which uses its stench to attract pollinators, or admire the bright purple blooms of a wildflower named Handsome Harry. The real attractions, at least for some of us, are populations of carnivorous plants: Stoop for a closer look at the champagne flute-shaped cup of a pitcher plant, for example, and you might find remnants of bugs that were lured in, trapped, drowned and digested. (Isn’t nature cool?)
The Bog lacks signs guiding visitors to the most rare or impressive specimens a 2000 Post story revealed that park rangers don’t want to guide plant thieves to the natural treasures. Instead, download a plant identification app, such as PictureThis, to figure out what’s caught your eye.
Despite its importance, the Suitland Bog feels unloved. Its gates on Suitland Road are chained shut outside special events because of problems with illegal dumping. Instead, visitors to the Bog have to park at the nearby Suitland Community Center, cross a four-lane street and follow a lonely-looking trail into the woods. There are no large maps or welcome signs: Just a wooden post next to the sidewalk reading “Suitland Bog ½ Mile.”
Follow the signs along a twisting path through pine barrens, even though it sometimes becomes no more than a trace. The path crosses a grassy meadow, where butterflies flit about, before a short trail leads to the Bog’s gates. You can be in and out in less than an hour, but it’s an excursion unlike any other inside the Beltway.
Windows 10 file explorer - downloads folder keeps crashing
File explorer suddenly freezes up when I want to view the downloads folder. It says 'working on it . ' but I am not able to access that folder.
I have checked the properties of the downloads folder, it is checked to 'general', but also checked to 'read only'. I have unchecked the 'read only' mark, but folder properties revert back to 'read only'.
I have run all possible hardware and operating system tests, but cannot find a problem.
You're up to date okay, just short of the version 1909 update but I don't think that will make any difference.
I wonder if there is something in the Download folder that is causing the problem, rather than the folder itself. I assume you can open all other personal folders without a problem, Documents, Pictures etc.
See if you can view the contents of the folder using a PowerShell command line. Open PowerShell and you should see the command prompt C:users[accountname] type cd downloads and press return that should change to
C:users[accountname]downloads now type dir and press return. You should see a long list of files and you can scroll to the top of the window to see the files at the top.
If the files display correctly you could try moving the files to a temp folder to see if the Downloads folder opens in File Explorer when it's empty. You can use the PowerShell for this or download another file manager program so you can see better what you are doing, depends how you feel about using the command line.
Using the command line use the following:
At the prompt PS C:users[accountname]downloads type md c:download_temp and press return.
Now type at PS C:users[accountname]downloads move *.* c:download_temp and press return. This will move all the files in the downloads folder to the temp folder, it could take some time depending on how many you have but after it's complete you can open File Explorer to check the contents of C:downloads_temp to see if that opens correctly. Then check the Downloads folder which should be empty to see if it opens the emply folder.
Alternatively you can download Free commander to install and use to open the downloads folder and move the files using that. Also see if that crashes while trying to access the downloads folder. You will need to select an alternative folder to download the program to and not the default Downloads.
What is Steam Electric Power Generating?
Steam electric plants use nuclear or fossil fuels (such as coal, oil and natural gas) to heat water in boilers, which generates steam. The steam is used to drive turbines connected to electric generators. The plants generate wastewater in the form of chemical pollutants and thermal pollution (heated water) from their water treatment, power cycle, ash handling and air pollution control systems, as well as from coal piles, yard and floor drainage, and other miscellaneous wastes.
Sloat DD- 316 - History
Profile of the Week : NASCAR driver Wendell Scott. Which race car driver are you most closely connected to?
Last week: Stan Laurel, of Laurel & Hardy. Which slapstick comedian are you most closely connected to?
Photo of the Week: "Arthur McClain with granddaughters." Photo uploaded by Lloyd Wright Jr. [more family history photos]The WikiTree Challenge : See what our community discovered about the roots of our special guest star Dr. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., host of PBS TV's "Finding Your Roots."
Member of the Week : Robin Shaules spends most of her time in 1.) the Profile Improvement Project ("I went through the Voyage and learned more about building good profiles than in the nearly three years previously") and 2.) the Cemeterist Project ("I enjoy every aspect of working on the cemeteries").
Last week: Carolina Millin is active in our Huguenots, Netherlands, and Notables projects. Her advice to new members: "Be precise on sources." And if you're having trouble finding or formatting a source, "reach out in G2G as there are so many friendly WikiTreers who love to assist."
See GenealogyTV's new video tour: "How to Use WikiTree."
For a deeper look, see the "Welcome to WikiTree" video series by a member.
Clerk of the Courts
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Catalogue description PENNINGTON FAMILY OF MUNCASTER
D PEN/BUNDLE 2. Low Esk Farm.
D PEN/BUNDLE 3. Eskholme and Chapel.
D PEN/BUNDLE 4. Half Acre, Muncaster.
D PEN/BUNDLE 5. Brighouse Estate.
D PEN/BUNDLE 7. Fishery of Munckgarthe.
D PEN/BUNDLE 8. Muncaster and Ravenglass Schools.
D PEN/BUNDLE 9. Whitehaven & Furness Railway Co.
D PEN/BUNDLE 11. Corney and Middleton Place Manor.
D PEN/BUNDLE 13. Corney Church.
D PEN/BUNDLE 14. Waberthwaite.
D PEN/BUNDLE 15. Lane End Estate.
D PEN/BUNDLE 18. Stainton. (missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 21. Mitehouse. (missing but P. 68)
D PEN/BUNDLE 22. Drigg Hall Estate.
D PEN/BUNDLE 23. Rectory of Irton.
D PEN/BUNDLE 24. Gosforth. (1 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 25. Ponsonby Rectory and Braystones Manor.
D PEN/BUNDLE 26. Langdale and Tilberthwaite Manors.
D PEN/BUNDLE 27. Property in Little Langdale.
D PEN/BUNDLE 30. Pennington. (5 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 31. Pennington: Court Proceedings.
D PEN/BUNDLE 32. Magna Strickland, Little Langdale and Preston Richard. (Westmorland)
D PEN/BUNDLE 33. Farringdon. (Lancaster)
D PEN/BUNDLE 34. Gillingham, Dorset.
D PEN/BUNDLE 35. Mortgage, Muncaster Castle and other Estates. 1826 (10 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 36. Counterpart Enfranchisements: Manor of Muncaster.
D PEN/BUNDLE 37. Manors of Muncaster and Drigg.
D PEN/BUNDLE 38. Manors of Waberthwaite and Muncaster.
D PEN/BUNDLE 39. Manor of Waberthwaite.
D PEN/BUNDLE 40. Manors of Drigg & Carleton.
D PEN/BUNDLE 41. Manor of Corney and Middleton Place.
D PEN/BUNDLE 42. Manor of Gosforth.
D PEN/BUNDLE 43. Manor of Pennington.
D PEN/BUNDLE 44. Manor of Preston Richard.
D PEN/BUNDLE 45. Leases, agreements and counterparts relating to various properties.
D PEN/BUNDLE 46. Mines and Quarries.
D PEN/BUNDLE 47. Miscellaneous (deeds)
D PEN/BUNDLE A. Pennington Family Documents. (incl. pedigree)
D PEN/BUNDLE B. Settlements and other Family Deeds.
D PEN/BUNDLE C. Family Wills and Letters of Administration.
D PEN/BUNDLE D. Chancery Papers relating to Mrs Hibbert's Claims.
D PEN/BUNDLE 48. Grove Estate.
D PEN/BUNDLE 49. Grange Estate. (4 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 50. Brankinwall Estate. (3 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 51. Ravenglass Estate. (pt.5, 1missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 52. Castle Hall Estate. (1 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 53. Hackett Forge. (1 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 54. Nether Hestholme Estate.
D PEN/BUNDLE 55. Whitestones Estate. (1 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 56. Fisheries, etc., at or near Ravenglass. (missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 57. High Eskholme Estate. (1 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 58. Cranklands Estate. (4 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 59. Graymains and Cropplehow. (3 missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 60. Counterparts of Mine and other Leases.
D PEN/BUNDLE 61. Shaw and Rivenglass Estates.
D PEN/BUNDLE 62. King's Arms Estate. (missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 63. Land and Barn at Ravenglass.(missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 64. Waberthwaite Estate. (missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 65. Barrow Estate.
D PEN/BUNDLE 66. Mortgages on Muncaster Castle Estate.
D PEN/BUNDLE 67. Furness Gas & Water Company and Borough of Barrow in Furness.
D PEN/BUNDLE 68. Furness Railway Company.
D PEN/BUNDLE 69. The Bay Horse Public House.
D PEN/BUNDLE 70. Premises at Ravenglass.
D PEN/BUNDLE 71. Newtown, P. Muncaster. (missimg)
D PEN/BUNDLE 72. Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway Company.
D PEN/BUNDLE 73. Lowholm Estate, Eskdale. (missing)
D PEN/BUNDLE 74A Birker & Austhwaite
D PEN/BUNDLE 74b-295 Additional Deposits: deeds, estate papers & corresp.
Additional deposit (Jacobite Rising)
D PEN/BUNDLE 74b-295 Additional Deposits: deeds, estate papers & correspondence etc. manorial records and miscellaneous
York Miscellaneous records transferred from York
1745 Letters re. Jacobite Rising
Pennington family of Muncaster
Copy of a manuscript catalogue of the records of Sir William Pennington Ramsden, formerly at Muncaster Castle, Muncaster, Cumbria, and originally transferred to the Cumbria Record Office, The Castle, Carlisle
What Does the Stamp Inside of a Ring Mean?
The stamp inside a ring, bracelet or other piece of jewelry is used by the manufacturer to indicate the manufacturer's or designer's name, the metal purity and type. Called hallmarks or assay marks, there are a very large number but in terms of valuation, the most important deal with metal type and purity.
Silver purity is given in a numerical code, which refers to its purity across a thousand parts.
- 925 is sterling silver
- May also appear as: S. Silver, sterling, SS or 925/1000
- May be gold plated
Gold may be indicated as a karat weight, or K, or also as a numerical code referring to its purity over a thousand parts, based on pure gold being 24 karats.
- 10K - 10 karats 14K - 14 karats 18K - 18 karats 22K - 22 karats, or
- 417 - 10 karats 585 - 14 karats 750 - 18 karats 833 - 20 karats.
- Platinum - the other precious metal - is indicated as Plat. or 950 Plat.
Other metals use varying formats to indicate type. Base metals hallmarks only indicate the type of metal and not its purity.