Charles X, continuation of the Ancien Régime

Charles X, continuation of the Ancien Régime

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Title: Inauguration of the monument in memory of Louis XVI by Charles X, place de la Concorde.

Author : BEAUME Joseph (1796 - 1885)

Creation date : 1827

Date shown: 03 May 1826

Dimensions: Height 106 - Width 167

Technique and other indications: (May 3, 1826) Oil painting on canvas

Storage location: National Museum of the Palace of Versailles (Versailles) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - F. Raux website

Picture reference: 99DE20435 / MV 5564

Inauguration of the monument in memory of Louis XVI by Charles X, place de la Concorde.

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - F. Raux

Publication date: March 2016

Historical context

The memory of Louis XVI

Having defeated the imperial armies, the Allies put the emigrant Bourbons back on the throne of France: Louis XVIII then, on his death in 1824, Charles X, both brothers of Louis XVI, were the kings of the restored monarchy. Charles X - consecrated at Reims in accordance with the tradition of the Ancien Régime - had a monument in memory of Louis XVI erected on the Place de la Concorde, where the execution took place.

Image Analysis

The inauguration of the Place de la Concorde monument

The painting by Joseph Beaume, commissioned in 1827 by Charles X, represents the inauguration of the monument on May 3, 1826.
In the center of the canvas, on the very spot where Louis XVI was executed, Charles X is preparing to lay the first stone of the commemorative monument in memory of Louis XVI. On the right, on the platform raised for public prayer, the Archbishop of Paris gives his blessing. Behind him, the Catholic clergy gather in a procession that can be seen extending into the background of the painting. The votive and funeral architecture set up for the ceremony (censer, crucifix and mission cross) clearly marks the importance assumed by the Catholic Church. With the aristocracy and the Church united around the king, in a colorful and old-fashioned splendor, the inauguration represented in Beaume's painting has a decidedly Old Regime flavor.

Interpretation

The throne and the altar

If the expiatory ceremonies of the reign of Louis XVIII had above all mobilized all civil and military pomp, the inauguration of the monument erected in memory of Louis XVI, represented in the painting by Beaume, clearly shows the importance recovered by the Catholic Church. . The ceremony is part of the many missions, processions and jubilees of the reign of the devout king who wanted to promote the state religion, encourage religious communities and who punished with death the desecration of objects of worship. However spectacular it may be, the king's demonstrative devotion was hardly followed by the population, which was largely Voltairian.

  • Catholicism
  • Charles X
  • funeral
  • Louis XVI
  • Restoration
  • royalism

Bibliography

Guillaume BERTIER DE SAUVIGNY Restoration Paris, Flammarion, 1955.Francis DÉMIER France in the 19th century Paris, Folio, 2000.Jacques LE GOFF, René RÉMOND History of religious France , t.3 Paris, Seuil, 1991. Eric LE NABOUR Charles X, the last king Paris, Lattès, 1980.J.VIDALEN Restoration Paris, PUF, “What do I know? », 1983. Guillaume BERTIER DE SAUVIGNY Restoration/ Paris, Flammarion, 1955.Francis DÉMIER France in the 19th century Paris, Folio, 2000.Jacques LE GOFF, René RÉMOND History of religious France , t.3 Paris, Seuil, 1991. Eric LE NABOUR Charles X, the last king Paris, Lattès, 1980.J.VIDALEN Restoration Paris, PUF, “What do I know? », 1983.

To cite this article

Mathilde LARRÈRE, "Charles X, continuation of the Ancien Régime"


Video: Campaign to return Charles Xs remains to France