Corsican autonomy in the interwar period: In Muvra

Corsican autonomy in the interwar period: <i>In Muvra</i>

  • Newspaper subscription prospectus In Muvra ("Le Mouflon").

  • In Muvra. Regionalist bulletin for the island of Corsica. Ajaccio.

  • The commemoration of Morosaglia.

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Title: Newspaper subscription prospectus In Muvra ("Le Mouflon").

Author :

Creation date : 1920

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Storage location: Departmental Archives of Corse-du-Sud website

Contact copyright: © Departmental Archives of Corse-du-Sud

Newspaper subscription prospectus In Muvra ("Le Mouflon").

© Departmental Archives of Corse-du-Sud

To close

Title: In Muvra. Ajaccio.

Author :

Creation date : 1926

Date shown:

Dimensions: Height 0 - Width 0

Storage location: Departmental Archives of Corse-du-Sud website

Contact copyright: © Departmental Archives of Corse-du-Sud

In Muvra. Ajaccio.

© Departmental Archives of Corse-du-Sud

The commemoration of Morosaglia.

© Departmental Archives of Corse-du-Sud

Publication date: November 2003

Historical context

No more in Corsica than, for example, in Alsace or Brittany, do regionalist or more frankly autonomist demands date from yesterday. Regionalist bulletin of the island of Corsica was born in May 1920, in Paris, where its founder Petru Rocca arrived around 1910 and where, as an exemplary former soldier, he resettled after the end of the Great War.

From the group gathered around the newspaper, whose headquarters were quickly transferred to Ajaccio, a political party was born in 1923, the Partitu Corsu d'Azione, which in 1927 became the Partitu Corsu Autonomista. Although claiming to be clearly different from separatism, In Muvra and the "muvrists" not only will not escape this first suspicion, but they will raise yet another accusation, that of irredentism. Born after 1870, this Italian political movement first demanded the annexation to the Kingdom of Italy of lands still under Austrian domination, and then, more broadly, of all lands formerly or formerly "Italian". Winner, the latter resumed the demands, now directed mainly against France (Nice, Savoy, Corsica and Tunisia).

Image Analysis

In Muvra ("Le Mouflon")
The prospectus of In Muvra must probably come from the seizure of current papers and archives of the newspaper, made in September 1939, when it was banned. Petru Rocca affirms that "donkeys do not read the Mouflon". Beyond this easy pun, pitting the eponymous animal altier against donkeys (" sumeri More clumsy, the choice of the name of this weekly sheet is in itself a manifesto. The mouflon is a symbol of invulnerability and freedom; he is also a mountain dweller, as the overwhelming majority of Corsicans were for a long time. Camped on his rocks, he sees things from above, both literally and figuratively: the collaborators of In Muvra, the "muvrists", will be, with exceptions, people of a good intellectual level.

In Muvra. Regionalist bulletin of the island of Corsica

In Muvra devotes the front page of its number of July 18, 1926 to the commemoration in Morosaglia (Merusaglia), on July 14, both of the centenary of Pascal Paoli and of the anniversary of his election as "General of the Corsican Nation" (July 14, 1755 ). Like the other "Muvrists" events, this commemoration combined religious ceremonies, political speeches and poetic declamations, not to mention a banquet. Poetry and other cultural pieces (especially historical ones) are not absent from the newspaper, which also makes extensive use of satirical poetry in its political pages, in a completely different register.

Photo of the commemoration of Morosaglia

This 1926 photo, by the famous Corsican photographer Ange Tomasi (Corte, 1883-Ajaccio, 1950), appeared in the ’Almanaccu di A Muvra per 1927, among other illustrations from a very long article devoted to the same commemoration of Morosaglia, and bears the caption: " In Bandera di a Giuventù "(" The Flag of Youth ").

Interpretation

The commemoration of Morosaglia takes place in a period of great activity for the newspaper and the “muvrists”. As evidenced by a report from the Prefect of Corsica to the Minister of the Interior of 23 August 1924, In Muvra Then printed 1,200 copies and, above all, had nearly a thousand subscribers [1]. The previous year, on August 3, 1925, the "Muvrists" were able to inaugurate the Pontenuovo cross, a monument erected in memory of the Corsicans who fell in the battle (May 1769) fatal to Corsican independence. According to Deputy Special Commissioner Terramorsi, the demonstration attracted around 800 people, and 2000 according to favorable press reports: it can therefore be estimated that in fact it drew between 1,000 and 1,500 participants. The commemoration of 1926 very probably brought together an equal or greater number (the “Muvrist” version, the only one known, speaks of “several thousand”). However, the newspaper and the movement declined from the end of the 1920s. In October 1933, a report by the special commissioner of Ajaccio to the prefect gave In Muvra a limited edition of 200 copies, to which must be added an equivalent edition for The Corsican people. Integral Corsican organ, a newspaper launched in May 1932 and written almost entirely in French, unlike In Muvra.

In the context of fascist territorial claims, the Italianophilia of the "muvrists" (such as the archivist of Corsica, Paul Graziani) could only lend itself to unfavorable interpretations. It also appears that the newspaper and the party, subject to chronic financial problems which contributed to the decline of the former, received an influx of Italian money, whether requested or not.

Nevertheless, unlike the Alsatian autonomists, harshly prosecuted from the end of the 1920s, the “muvrists” were able to work more or less peacefully until the eve of the Second World War, their participation in the States General of September 1934 (large gathering a large number of movements and currents of thought intended to find remedies for the ailments from which Corsica was suffering) still testifying to a certain vitality. The beginning of the conflict dealt them a fatal blow, In Muvra being banned in September 1939.

  • Corsica
  • regionalism
  • Autonomism
  • Corsican (language)
  • hurry
  • irredentism
  • Ajaccio

Bibliography

Francis POMPONI "Le temps du Corsisme" and "Regionalism, autonomism and irredentism" in The Corsican Memorial, volume IV, "The tried and tested island, 1914-1945" Ajaccio, 1979. Jean-François MAZZONI "The States General [of September 1934]" in The Corsican Memorial, volume IV, "The tried island, 1914-1945" Ajaccio, 1979. Hyacinthe YVIA-CROCE "A Muvra and the P.C.A. "In Twenty years of Corsicanism, 1920-1939 Corsican chronicle of the interwar periodAjaccio, Cyrnos and Mediterranean Editions, 1979.

Notes

1. 504 subscribers in Corsica, 353 on the continent, 80 in Italy and 10 in other foreign countries.

To cite this article

Alain VENTURINI, “Corsican Autonomism in the Interwar Period: In Muvra »


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